Ukraine: Negotiations for peace

Tags: China, Ukraine, Russia, Iran, Saudi Arabia,

by Abdelkrim Zerzouri

Is China in the process of imposing itself as a discreet and effective mediator in the conflicts and crises that are shaking many regions in the world? Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to Moscow next week to meet his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will be an opportunity for China to implement its Ukraine peace plan, which was revealed last February. When it was made public in February 2023, as the Ukraine conflict wrapped up its first year, the UN deemed it an “important contribution”, but Kiev’s allies were choosy, doubting the bias of Beijing because of its position as an ally of Russia, but things seem to be evolving towards a better availability of these parties in the face of this initiative.

Several reasons push the Americans and Europeans to accept Chinese mediation, the influence enjoyed by the Chinese leader with his Russian counterpart, as well as the contact announced in this context between the Chinese and Ukrainian presidents immediately after the visit of the Chinese president to Moscow. « We think it’s very important that the Chinese hear the Ukrainians’ point of view and not just that of Vladimir Putin, » White House National Security Council spokesman John Kirby said.

But, could one imagine for a moment that such a peace plan could ignore one of the parties in conflict, in this case Ukraine, to make such a declaration? Obviously the Chinese must hear the story of the Russians and the Ukrainians, a principle of mediation, to bring the positions between the two countries in conflict closer together. What chance can this peace plan proposed by China have to end the war in Ukraine?

Apparently, being very optimistic, we can give him a credit of less than 50%, so much the two parties in conflict camp on intransigent positions, leading the conflict towards a hardening of the military operations on the ground, with a commitment of more in stronger allies of Kiev through the reinforcement of the support in armaments and the economic sanctions against Moscow. But, who would have given a tiny success rate to Chinese mediation between Saudi Arabia and Iran?

Despite all the unfavorable parameters, China believes in its peace plan in Ukraine, and it is the only one to have the details of the diplomatic potion to be implemented to achieve it. Because, even if Chinese diplomacy has revealed the points of the peace plan, it is clear that not everything can be said publicly in the context of this mediation, which requires discretion and probable data changes along the way. And then, China is not isolated in its action.

There is also Algeria, whose President Abdelmadjid Tebboune is due to go to Moscow in May, which is engaged in a very discreet initiative in this direction, and which was asked very recently by the high representative of European diplomacy, Joseph Borell, to put all his weight to achieve peace.

Other countries are also working in the same peaceful spirit, towards which all efforts must converge. The war, whatever its duration, always ends around a table of negotiations.


The sweet entryism of Beijing


The Chinese president’s trip to Moscow in the next few days takes on a special character in the current situation. There is no evidence that Russia and China are committed to an unlimited alliance as Vladimir Putin claims, but this visit is nevertheless not insignificant.

Although she too claims her paternity on Taiwan, by threatening to use force if necessary by letting transpire an identical parallel with that of the Ukrainian affair, her current diplomacy does not have a hawkish face. -war. Its shell as a great world economic power allows it to use other more effective arguments than the use of gunpowder. Today, it uses discretion to invest itself as an essential actor in the meshing and untangling of relations between nations. As proof, the unexpected reconciliation between Saudi Arabia and Iran was, it is said, his sole responsibility. Its increasingly marked presence throughout the world is undeniable and the particularity of its influence is only apparent in the economic field.

For Beijing, armed conflicts and warlike tensions do not militate for the rise of its economy. Despite occasional mood swings, the Beijing authorities give the impression of surfing on dangerous events occurring throughout the world and give preference to making profitable and fruitful their spectacular industrial development. Their strategy shows an obvious form of soft entryism. The advances of the Chinese presence all over the world are undeniable but do not take on the guise of classic neocolonialism.

If it is declared in Moscow that the Chinese president is going to Russia to strengthen broader bilateral cooperation in all fields without exception, it is certain that Beijing will not deviate from a course of action which has so far shown its fruit. It will therefore also be certain that the Chinese head of state will have a lot to do to offer his Russian counterpart a way out of the Ukrainian crisis.


#China #Ukraine #Russia #Iran #Saudi_Arabia

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